AKA encaustic cement tiles are handmade colorful tiles used as floor coverings. Cement tiles are not fired, there is no glaze layer on the surface of the tile. Their durability is derived from the combination of finely hydrated ground cement layer and a more coarse layer of sand and Portland cement. The pigmented layer is hydraulically pressed into the surface and becomes a part of the tile. Cement tiles come in many shapes and colors thus giving it its special feel.